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Some common animals in this category are the spur-thighed or sulcata tortoise, leopard tortoise, green iguana and the prehensile-tailed skink.
Dark leafy greens are an important part of the diet, but only limited amounts of greens high in oxalates should be fed. Oxalates bind calcium in the intestines making it harder for your pet to get the proper amount of calcium. Examples of high oxalate foods include parsley, chives and spinach.
Many of these animals relish fruits, but excessive amounts of these sugary foods can cause overgrowth of disease causing bacteria. Fruits should be in the diet, but kept to a minimum.
In general, these animals require a high fiber diet. Leafy weeds and grasses should make up more of the diet than store bought greens. The diet should be primarily composed of timothy and alfalfa grass or hay, dandelion greens and clover available throughout the day. A chopped mixture of vegetables and a very small amount of fruit will help supply essential vitamins and minerals. Chopping prevents your pet from eating only their favorite parts. Good examples include: squash, red peppers, sweet potatoes, parsnips, green beans, peas in the pod, and leafy greens. A small amount of banana, citrus or berries can be added periodically.
Vitamin and mineral supplements should be given as described under the Reptile and Amphibian Nutrition section.
Iguanas and Prehensile-tailed Skinks:
These reptiles should be fed around 75% “Iguana Salad.” There are many recipes that can be found online. In general, the salad should be chopped to prevent your pet from only eating the tastiest parts. It should contain large amount of high Vitamin A foods like winter squash, sweet potatoes, red peppers and parsnips. The rest of the salad is rounded out with vegetables like green beans, peas in the pod and carrots as well as alfalfa. An easy way to add this to the diet is with alfalfa based rabbit pellets. Occasional or very small amount of fruit or berries can be added to the mix. This salad can be separated into portions and frozen. Each portion is then thawed overnight prior to feeding. After a month, any unused portion should be discarded as the nutrients degrade in the freezer over time.
Dark leaf greens such as dandelion, spring greens, kale and broccoli should make up the last 25% of the diet.